Coffee atlas: Colombia

Capital: Bogotá

Population: 47.2 million

Area: 1.14 million square km

Colombia is one of the largest coffee producers in the world and benefits greatly from having one of the most unique and complex set of micro-climates of all coffee producing nations.

A key reason that Colombia is such an exciting origin for us is that it contains so many regions with their own unique micro-climates. The variations in climate are created in large part by Colombia’s mountainous terrain and varying wind patterns. This results in a huge variety and complexity of styles and cup profiles. There is no one single “Colombian” profile.

The FNC (the national coffee board) was originally founded in 1927 and is involved in all range of measures, from marketing and production to social and physical infrastructure creation. Technically the FNC is controlled and owned by 500,000 Colombian coffee producers, funded through a tax on coffee exports.

The FNC has a research division called Cenicafe which focuses on developing new varieties of coffee plant to address various demands, such as yield, quality and most importantly, resistance to a variety of coffee diseases.

Coffee regions in Colombia:


The region where coffee was first introduced to Colombia and where the FNC originated. It has the largest growing area by hectare of all Colombian growing regions


Attractive growing conditions afforded by its altitude, proximity to the equator and the protection afforded by surrounding mountains, enabling a stable microclimate year round. Cauca is a region also known for its World Heritage listed national parks, wildlife, and life-giving water sources


This region boasts the perfect combination of high quality soil and geography and is quickly becoming one of the largest coffee producing regions in Colombia. One of the best regarded regions for high quality, fruit driven coffee.


One of the highest growing regions in Colombia, producing some truly complex coffees


Located in the central “coffee belt” of Colombia along with other growing regions Caldas and Antioquia. This coffee belt represents the largest producing regions of Colombia.


The word ‘Tolima’ comes from the local indigenous language and means a “river of snow or cloud”.

Valle del Cauca

Fertile region due to the river that runs through it, between Andean mountain ranges

Coffees from Colombia: