Coffee glossary

Decoding coffee terms

Acatenango (Region in Guatemala)

Grown amongst the Fuego the Acatenango volcanoes, the Acatenango valley is a high altitude growing region with rich volcanic soil

What is coffee from Acatenango in Guatemala like?

Aeropress (Coffee brewing method)

The simplest possible way to make coffee

How to brew coffee with Aeropress

Antigua (Region in Guatemala)

Antigua is a region defined by rich volcanic soil, low rainfall and lots of sunshine. It is situated in the shadow of Fuego, one of Guatemala's three active volcanoes

What is coffee from Antigua in Guatemala like?

Antioquia (Region in Colombia)

The region where coffee was first introduced to Colombia and where the FNC originated. It has the largest growing area by hectare of all Colombian growing regions

What is coffee from Antioquia in Colombia like?

Apaneca-Ilamatepec (Region in El Salvador)

The largest producing region of El Salvador and likely the area where coffee was first cultivated in the country

What is coffee from Apaneca-Ilamatepec in El Salvador like?

Arusha (Varietal)

This is a new varietal! We'll add more details here soon.

What is Arusha

Batian (Varietal)

Batian is the latest variety to be developed in Kenya, it is named after the peak of Mount Kenya

What is Batian

Bolivia (Country)

What is coffee from Bolivia like?

Bourbon (Varietal)

A natural mutation of the [Typica](/coffee/varietals/typica) varietal, Bourbon is named after Reunion Island (then known as _Il Bourbon_) where the French cultivated Typica plants, that naturally mutated.

What is Bourbon

Brasil (Country)

Brasil is the largest coffee-producing nation in the world. It is also known as a country out of which countless new varietals have emerged, both through natural mutations and selective breeding

What is coffee from Brasil like?

Burundi (Country)

Coffee first arrived in Burundi in the 1920s while the country was still under Belgian colonial rule. Since the civil war in 1993 Burundi has placed a great importance on growing the coffee industry and the flow on effects that will have on the country's economy.

What is coffee from Burundi like?

Cajamarca (Region in Peru)

The region is named after it's capital city, Cajamarca. Comprises the northern area of Peru and the Peruvian Andes

What is coffee from Cajamarca in Peru like?

Caranavi (Region in Bolivia)

What is coffee from Caranavi in Bolivia like?

Castillo (Varietal)

Castillo is named after the researcher Jamie Castillo, who helped develop the varietal in 2005 by Cenicafe, Colombia's coffee research centre

What is Castillo

Catimor and Sarchimor (Varietal)

Catimor and Sarchimor are examples of introgressed species. Plants which possess traits and genetics from multiple species (arabica and robusta genetic material)

What is Catimor and Sarchimor

Catuai (Varietal)

Created by the Instituto Agronomico do Campinas in Brasil, Catuai is a hybrid varietal between Caturra and Mundo Novo.

What is Catuai

Caturra (Varietal)

Caturra is a natural mutation of [Bourbon](/coffee/varietals/bourbon) that was originally discovered in [Brazil](/coffee/countries/brasil) in 1937, considered to be the first naturally occurring mutation ever discovered.

What is Caturra

Cauca (Region in Colombia)

Attractive growing conditions afforded by its altitude, proximity to the equator and the protection afforded by surrounding mountains, enabling a stable microclimate year round. Cauca is a region also known for its World Heritage listed national parks, wildlife, and life-giving water sources

What is coffee from Cauca in Colombia like?

Chemex (Coffee brewing method)

Brew pour-over coffee for one or a crowd

How to brew coffee with Chemex

Cold Brew Coffee (Coffee brewing method)

Cold coffee, made even easier

How to brew coffee with Cold Brew Coffee

Cold-start Aeropress (Coffee brewing method)

Cold water bloom brings out different flavours

How to brew coffee with Cold-start Aeropress

Colombia (Country)

Colombia is one of the largest coffee producers in the world and benefits greatly from having one of the most unique and complex set of micro-climates of all coffee producing nations.

What is coffee from Colombia like?

Copán (Region in Honduras)

Western Honduras on the border with Guatemala. Shares very similar growing conditions to coffees from Guatemala. The northern tract of the Santa Barbara region is within Copán

What is coffee from Copán in Honduras like?

Costa Rica (Country)

Since the mid-2000s there has been an increasing focus on the establishment of micro-mills in Costa Rica to increase their production of traceable, high quality lots of coffee.

What is coffee from Costa Rica like?

Ecuador (Country)

For a long time most of Ecuador’s coffee production was for commodity grade export or the production of soluble coffees (freeze dried coffee). Only in the last few years has the potential of the country’s coffee production been really explored. We're very excited about the potential Ecuador and have some truly exceptional coffees

What is coffee from Ecuador like?

El Oro (Region in Ecuador)

South-West coastal region boasting all the conditions required to grow great coffee - altitude, climate, rainfall

What is coffee from El Oro in Ecuador like?

El Salvador (Country)

El Salvador, the smallest country in Central America, is colloquially referred to as the 'Land of Volcanoes'. Renowned for producing exceptional coffees with great clarity and sweetness. The coffee industry first took off after their primary crop, indigo, declined with the invention of chemical dyes in the 19th Century.

What is coffee from El Salvador like?

Embu (Region in Kenya)

Named after the town of Embu, also near Mount Kenya and its fertile growing conditions

What is coffee from Embu in Kenya like?

Espresso (blends) (Coffee brewing method)

How to make black coffee, using a blend, on a home espresso machine

How to brew coffee with Espresso (blends)

Espresso (single origin) (Coffee brewing method)

How to make a delicious single origin espresso at home

How to brew coffee with Espresso (single origin)

Espírito Santo (Region in Brasil)

Brazil's second largest coffee producing region

What is coffee from Espírito Santo in Brasil like?

Ethiopia (Country)

Seen as the birthplace of domesticated coffee, there are not many more exciting times at the Sample warehouse as when our fresh Ethiopian lots arrive. Legend says it's our favourite origin...

What is coffee from Ethiopia like?

Ethiopian Heirloom (Varietal)

The Ethiopian Heirloom name is used to describe indigenous heirloom varieties resulting from cross-breeding between species and varietals rather than stemming from one particular variety.

What is Ethiopian Heirloom

French Press (Plunger) (Coffee brewing method)

It’s hiding in a cupboard, and it’ll make delicious, stress-free coffee.

How to brew coffee with French Press (Plunger)

Geisha (Varietal)

An exceptionally high quality variety that is grown throughout Central America, Geisha is named after the town of Geisha in Ethiopia where the seeds originated

What is Geisha

Gitega (Region in Burundi)

Central region containing one of two state-owned dry mills and the central laboratories that tests the quality of all coffees to be exported

What is coffee from Gitega in Burundi like?

Guatemala (Country)

Guatemala's production of coffee first grew in the 1860s on the back of a declining indigo trade, which had previously existed as it's main export. Up until 2011 Guatemala was in the top 5 highest producing coffees nations in the world, before being overtaken by Honduras.

What is coffee from Guatemala like?

Hario V60 (Coffee brewing method)

The essential pour-over method

How to brew coffee with Hario V60

Harrar (Region in Ethiopia)

One of the oldest producing regions producing some of the most unique flavour profiles. A region that has produced coffees that really opened the eyes of many coffee roasters, us included, to the potential and true complexity that coffee can offer

What is coffee from Harrar in Ethiopia like?

Honduras (Country)

The largest producer of coffee in Central America and one of our favourite coffee producing nations, capable of producing fruit driven coffees with a great, vibrant acidity.

What is coffee from Honduras like?

How to store coffee (Coffee brewing method)

How long does coffee stay fresh, and how should you store it?

How to brew coffee with How to store coffee

Huehuetenango (Region in Guatemala)

A non-volcanic region of Guatemala characterised by high altitude and predictable climate. Often considered to produce the highest quality coffee in Guatemala

What is coffee from Huehuetenango in Guatemala like?

Huila (Region in Colombia)

This region boasts the perfect combination of high quality soil and geography and is quickly becoming one of the largest coffee producing regions in Colombia. One of the best regarded regions for high quality, fruit driven coffee.

What is coffee from Huila in Colombia like?

IHCAFE 90 (Varietal)

Developed in the 90s by the Honduras Coffee Research Institute, IHCAFE 90 is a hybrid of Caturra and Sarchimor

What is IHCAFE 90

Inverted Aeropress (Coffee brewing method)

Mix things up with a different Aeropress method

How to brew coffee with Inverted Aeropress

Jackson (Varietal)

The varieties known as Jackson, Kent, Coorg, and Mysore—all originating from the same region in India—are most likely late descendant of the first coffee seeds out of Yemen brought to India by Baba Budan in 1670. Recent genetic tests have confirmed that Jackson is related to the Bourbon genetic group.

What is Jackson

Jimma (Region in Ethiopia)

Region in the southwest that traditionally only produced commodity grade coffee. With increased exposure and education the truly great potential of this area is beginning to be realised. Can also be referred to as ‘Jimmah’, ‘Jimma’, and ‘Djimmah’

What is coffee from Jimma in Ethiopia like?

Jinotega (Region in Nicaragua)

The primary coffee producing region of Nicaragua, it is named after the capital city of the region

What is coffee from Jinotega in Nicaragua like?

Junin (Region in Peru)

The region is in the central highlands of Peru, which is also the western-most tip of the Peruvian Amazon

What is coffee from Junin in Peru like?

Kalita Wave (Coffee brewing method)

Make filter coffee with this simple brewer

How to brew coffee with Kalita Wave

Kayanza (Region in Burundi)

Northern region near the Rwandan border

What is coffee from Kayanza in Burundi like?

Kenya (Country)

Alongside Ethiopia and Colombia, Kenya is one of the origins we get most excited about at the roastery. It exports some of the most vibrant, bright, and unique coffees in the world.

What is coffee from Kenya like?

Kirinyaga (Region in Kenya)

This region is located east of [Nyeri](/coffee/countries/kenya/regions/nyeri), and has similarly rich volcanic soils and a high percentage of smallholder producers.

What is coffee from Kirinyaga in Kenya like?

Kochere (Region in Ethiopia)

What is coffee from Kochere in Ethiopia like?

Limu (Region in Ethiopia)

What is coffee from Limu in Ethiopia like?

Loja (Region in Ecuador)

Mountainous southern region with conditions suited perfectly to high quality coffee production

What is coffee from Loja in Ecuador like?

Maracaturra (Varietal)

What is Maracaturra

Maragogype (Varietal)

Maragogype is a natural mutation of Typica, named after the town in which it was discovered -- Maragogipe, Brazil.

What is Maragogype

Marsellesa (Varietal)

Marsellesa was developed through a hybrid of Sarchimor and Caturra. It's highly valued for its high quality in the cup and resistance to leaf rust (thanks to its Sarchimor heritage)

What is Marsellesa

Matagalpa (Region in Nicaragua)

The region is named after the capital city, with coffee coming from both private estates and cooperatives

What is coffee from Matagalpa in Nicaragua like?

Mexico (Country)

While Mexico is in the top 10 coffee-producing countries, its most commonly associated with commodity coffee used in lower-grade blends. Thankfully this is changing as more smaller producers show what's possible with quality-focused picking and processing.

What is coffee from Mexico like?

Minas Gerais (Region in Brasil)

The largest coffee producing region of Brazil, accounting for over half of the total coffee production within Brazil - it is often broken down into a number of sub-regions. These subregions include Sul de Minas, Matas de Minas, Carmo de Minas, and Cerrado Mineiro.

What is coffee from Minas Gerais in Brasil like?

Moccamaster (Coffee brewing method)

The simplest way to batch brew hot filter coffee

How to brew coffee with Moccamaster

Murang’a (Region in Kenya)

East of Nyeri, also with rich volcanic soils and a high percentage of smallholder producers

What is coffee from Murang’a in Kenya like?

Nariño (Region in Colombia)

One of the highest growing regions in Colombia, producing some truly complex coffees

What is coffee from Nariño in Colombia like?

Nicaragua (Country)

The true potential of Nicaraguan coffee has been hindered by a long history of political instability and natural disaster, however successful programs such as the Cup of Excellence competition and the Nicaraguan Specialty Coffee Association have helped drive the potential of Nicaraguan coffee into real quality production

What is coffee from Nicaragua like?

Northern Region (Region in Rwanda)

Lower altitude to the Western and Southern region

What is coffee from Northern Region in Rwanda like?

Nyeri (Region in Kenya)

Central region home to Mount Kenya, an extinct volcano that produces rich, red soil. Most commonly smallholder cooperatives. Coffee trees in this region produce two crops (the main harvest producing the higher quality lots)

What is coffee from Nyeri in Kenya like?

Obata (Varietal)

A cross between Timor Hybrid and Villa Sarchi, this coffee was originally developed in Brazil and in 2014 was introduced into Costa Rica by the local coffee institute, ICAFE

What is Obata

Opalaca (Region in Honduras)

Southern part of Santa Barbara falls within this region. The area is named after the Opalaca mountain range

What is coffee from Opalaca in Honduras like?

Pacamara (Varietal)

A cross-breed between Pacas and Maragogype, developed in El Salvador in 1958

What is Pacamara

Pacas (Varietal)

A natural mutation of the Bourbon variety

What is Pacas

Pache (Varietal)

Pache is a natural mutation of Typica, originally discovered in Guatemala in farms of El Brito, Santa Cruz Naranjo and Santa Rosa.

What is Pache

Papua New Guinea (Country)

PNG's a new and exciting country for us -- stay tuned for more details

What is coffee from Papua New Guinea like?

Parainema (Varietal)

A relatively unusual hybrid created in the 1980's by IHCAFE, Honduras' national coffee research centre

What is Parainema

Peru (Country)

Peru is well suited to coffee cultivation and production, given its high altitude and climate.

What is coffee from Peru like?

Pink bourbon (Varietal)

Cultivated from hybridization of Red and Yellow Bourbon. It's very rare, but the producers say it is quite resistant to rust. Pink and Orange Bourbons are very difficult to produce with consistency.

What is Pink bourbon

Quezaltepec (Region in El Salvador)

The region is named after the indigenous civilisation that existed here pre-hispanic times. The Quetzalcotitán people are named after the god they worhsip, the feather covered serpent Quezalcoat.

What is coffee from Quezaltepec in El Salvador like?

Quindio (Region in Colombia)

Located in the central "coffee belt" of Colombia along with other growing regions Caldas and Antioquia. This coffee belt represents the largest producing regions of Colombia.

What is coffee from Quindio in Colombia like?

Red Bourbon (Varietal)

What is Red Bourbon

Ruiru 11 (Varietal)

Released in 1985, Ruiru 11 is a disease resistant varietal developed in Kenya

What is Ruiru 11

Rwanda (Country)

Since the genocide of 1994, coffee has come to represent a symbol of recovery and regrowth for Rwanda.

What is coffee from Rwanda like?

SL28 (Varietal)

SL28 was developed in 1931 by Scott Laboratories to suit the growing conditions in Kenya. The varietal is known for its exceptional cup quality

What is SL28

SL34 (Varietal)

Developed by Scott Laboratories in Kenya, the SL34 varietal was designed to be high yielding with good cup quality.

What is SL34

San Isidro (Varietal)

A Sarchimor (hybrid of Villa Sarchi and Timor) developed in cooperation with Finca Volcán Azul in Costa Rica. It is named after the nearby town of San Isidro

What is San Isidro

San Ramón (Varietal)

What is San Ramón

Sidamo (Region in Ethiopia)

Both ‘Sidamo’ and ‘Sidama’ can be used to describe coffees from this region, Sidama refers to the natives of the area. It grows some of the highest coffees in Ethiopia

What is coffee from Sidamo in Ethiopia like?

Sidra (Varietal)

Sidra is a new hybrid varietal, made of [Red Bourbon](/coffee/varietals/bourbon) and [Typica](/coffee/varietals/typica) and combines characteristics of these two varieties. It has acquired the sweetness and the body of Red Bourbon and the bright taste and acidity of Typica.

What is Sidra

Southern and Western Region (Region in Rwanda)

Centred around 3 main areas; the Huye mountains, the Nyamagabe region, and the Nyamasheke region in close proximity to Lake Kivu

What is coffee from Southern and Western Region in Rwanda like?

Tabi (Varietal)

Released in 2002 as part of Colombia's efforts to combat leaf rust, it is a hybrid of [bourbon](/coffee/varietals/bourbon), [typica](/coffee/varietals/typica) and timor.

What is Tabi

Tarrazú (Region in Costa Rica)

The area generally considered to produce the highest grade coffee in Costa Rica. Farmers from other regions are known to market their coffee as 'Tarrazú' due to the strength of the name

What is coffee from Tarrazú in Costa Rica like?

Tolima (Region in Colombia)

Previous epicentre of conflict between the government and FARC rebels, only just starting to open itself up to more reliable and transparent exports. Some of our favourite Colombians have emerged from this region, unfortunately often not through consistent seasons and in very small quantities

What is coffee from Tolima in Colombia like?

Typica (Varietal)

Considered to be one of the ‘genus’ varietals from which all other varietals have mutated from

What is Typica

Valle del Cauca (Region in Colombia)

Fertile region due to the river that runs through it, between Andean mountain ranges

What is coffee from Valle del Cauca in Colombia like?

Variedad Colombia (Varietal)

Developed by Colombian researchers at Cenicafe by crossing Caturra and Timor Hybrid

What is Variedad Colombia

Villa Sarchi (Varietal)

Natural mutation of Bourbon discovered in Costa Rican village Sarchi

What is Villa Sarchi

Yellow Bourbon (Varietal)

What is Yellow Bourbon

Yellow Caturra (Varietal)

This variation of [Caturra](/coffee/varietals/caturra) is caused by a recessive gene and tends to ripen faster than Red Caturra, often presenting light floral flavours.

What is Yellow Caturra

Yellow Gesha (Varietal)

What is Yellow Gesha

Yirgacheffe (Region in Ethiopia)

Unique for its floral and highly aromatic coffees. Some our of very favourite and memorable Ethiopian coffees have emerged from this legendary region.

What is coffee from Yirgacheffe in Ethiopia like?

Zamora Chinchipe (Region in Ecuador)

The region sits east of Loja with high rates of organic production

What is coffee from Zamora Chinchipe in Ecuador like?